Navratri and fact about Navratri nine days and how Navratri is celebrated 2019
Navratri is a Sanskrit word which means Nine Night. In this Nine Night And ten days, people worship Ten forms of Goddess Devi or Goddess Durga. Hindus celebrate Navratri Festival with great devotion for Ten days. The idol of Goddess Durga is worshipped during Navratri. People stay awake whole night during the nine days of Navratri and people who live in Gujrat play Dandiya and Garba all nine days of Navratri. Navratri has particular significance in the Gujarati community.
In the Nine days of Navratri Three Devi Mahalaxmi, maha Saraswati and maa Durga are being worshipped with their nine forms which are known as NauDurga. The name of Nine Devi are listed below with the meaning of their names
Nine forms of Devi which are worshipped in the nine-day of Navratri
It is the first form of Devi which is worshipped on the first day of Navratri, and it is known as Shail Putri mountain daughter. In the Sanskrit word, Shail means mountains or Himalaya and Putri means daughter. According to mark and Puran due to having birth in Himalaya as the daughter of King of the Mountains Himavan Devi name is known as Shail Putri. It is said that it is beneficial and useful for women to worship this Devi. Shailputri Devi rides a bull and carries a trident in her right hand and hold a lotus in her left hands.
It is the second form of Devi which is worshipped on the second day of Navratri, and it is known as Brahmacharini. Bharmacharini means one who practices devout austerity. Devi Brahmacharini is known as a symbol of tap shakti. It is said that any devotees who worship Goddess Brahmachari from his pure heart than that devotee’s tap shakti are increased. And it is increasing due to worshipping Devi with their pure heart. The Goddess Brahmacharini wears white clothes, holds a Japa mala which is also known as Rosary in her right hand and kamandal, a water pot in her left hand.
It is the third form of Devi which is worshipped on the third day of Navratri, and it is known as Chandrakanta. And it is prayed for peace, tranquillity and prosperity in life. She is known as chandraghanta because She has a ‘Chandra’ or half moon in her forehead in shape like a bell. Devi chandraghanta have three eyes, and her third eye is always open, and she is still ready for war against demons.
It is the fourth form of Devi which is worshipped on the fourth day of Navratri, and it is known as kushmanda. In Sanskrit the meaning of kushmanda is Ku means “a little”, Ushma means “warmth” or “energy”, and Anda means “cosmic egg”. Devi kushmanda believed to improve health, wealth and strength.
Goddess Kushmanda has a total of eight hands, and because of that, She is also known as Ashtabhuja Devi. It is believed that all the power to bestow Siddhis and Niddhis are located in her Jap Mala.it is said that Devi kushmanda created the whole universe by just flashing a little bit of her smile.
It is the fifth form of Devi which is being worshipped on the fifth day of Navratri, which is known as skandamata. The meaning of Skandamata is Skanda which means another name for war god and her son Kartikeya and Mata, which means the term for mother. Skanda Mata has three eyes and four hands where she holds lotus in two hands, and one of her hands is always in the boon-conferring gesture, and with the other hand, Devi holds her son Skanda in her lap. She is also called Goddess with lotus seat because Her complexion is white and she is seated on the lotus. And she chooses Lion as her vehicle. It is said that She can grant oceans of wisdom even to a most illiterate person,
It is the sixth form of Devi, which is being worshipped on the sixth day of Navratri, which is known as Katyayani. According to Puran, it is said that To destroy demon mahishasura, goddess Parvati took the form of goddess Katyayani. It is the most violent form of Goddess Parvati. In this form goddess, Parvati is also known as Goddess of a warrior.
Katyayani is worshipped as the Adi shakti Swaroop who if you make a vow of Fasting, would give you the husband you have wished and prayed for. This Fasting is known as Katyayani vrata, which is made for a whole month, offering such things as sandal, flowers, incense, etc.
It is the seventh form of Devi which is being worshipped on the seventh day of Navratri, which is known as Kaal Ratri. Kali is first mentioned in Hinduism as a distinct goddess around 3000 BC.she is considered the fiercest form of the Mother Goddess; her appearance itself invoking fear. This form of Goddess is believed to be the destroyer of all demon entities, ghosts, spirits and negative energies, who flee upon knowing of her arrival.
Kaalratri has a dark complexion, dishevelled hair and a fearlessness posture. Kaalratri has three eyes that shine bright and terrible flames emanate from her breath. Black or blue skin with bountiful hair and Four hands, two clutching a knife and a torch, while the remaining two are in the mudras of “giving” and “protecting “.
Kaalratri left upper hand holds a cutting weapon, made of iron and there is a dragger in the lower left side. Kaalratri chooses a vehicle as a faithful donkey. Kaal Ratri is the destroyer of darkness and ignorance.
It is the Eight form of Devi which is being worshipped on the eight days of Navratri which is known as Mahagauri. According to Hindu Puran, Goddess Mahagauri has the power to fulfil all the desires of her devotees. The one who worships the Goddess from the pure heart then they get relief from all the sufferings in life.
Mahagauri has four arms. mahagauri right hand is in the structure of alleviating fear, and her right lower hand holds a trident in it. mahagauri holds a tambourine in her left upper arm, and the lower one is in the form of a blessing.
mahagauri is intelligent, peaceful and calm. Mahagauri was dark complexion due to her long austerities in the deep forests of the Himalayas, and When Lord Shiva cleaned her with the water of the Ganges, her body again changed to beauty, and she came to be known as MahaGauri, which means extremely white.
It is the Ninth form of Devi which is being worshipped on the ninth day of Navratri which is known as Siddhidatri. It is believed that one side of Lord shiva body is that of Goddess Siddhidatri. Thatswhy he is also known by the name of Ardhanarishwar.
According to Vedic scriptures, Lord Shiva attained all the siddhis by worshipping this Goddess. Around the time when the universe was just a massive void full of darkness, there were no indications of the world anywhere. But then a ray of divine light, which is ever-existing, spread everywhere, illuminating every nook of the void. This sea of fire was formless. and after few second it started taking a definite size, and finally looked like a Lady, who was none other than Goddess Mahashakti herself
How people celebrate Navratri
Navratri is celebrated in Hindu religion, and there are different way to celebrate Navratri as people celebrate Navratri according to their community, people who are from Bihar then they celebrate Navratri in their way like they worship goddess Durga two times a day one in morning and one in afternoon and this process is continued till the 9th day
people who are from Gujrat community then they celebrate Navratri in their way like each day during Navratri they go outside to play Garba and dandiya and they this till the last day of Navratri and like this way, people from the different community have their way to celebrate Navratri
Navratri Celebration and rules of Fasting during Navratri
- Some people eat only fruits and drink milk during the entire nine days and nights, and mainly complete nine-day Fasting is done by women
- Some people eat meal one time a day, and that meal should be an entirely vegetarian meal which is prepared without the use of onion and garlic and the use of no veg.
- Mainly Fasting is not compulsory and even after a few years if the devotee feels that he or she is not capable of continuing fast during Navratri, he or she can discontinue also.
- It is said that we have to Start the prayers with praying for Lord Ganesha and then perform aarti in front of Goddess Durga.
- During the time of Navratri, Men do not have to shave or cut their hair during this period.
- It is said that people do not have to wear black clothes during this period and avoid keeping leather goods with them.
- Fasting commences on the ninth night of Navratri.
- During Navratri days people worship young girls, and they serve the right foods to the girl
- people who are mainly from Gujarati community they go outside every night to play dandiya